All men are not violent, and all violent men are not alike.
We encourage more research into typologies of violence and
the implications for treatment of distinguishing different
types of batterers. However, explanations for spouse abuse
must also recognize that two people contribute to a dysfunctional
marriage, and the dynamics of family relationships should
be explored to understand family violence more completely.
The ways both masculinity and femininity are understood in
particular cultures should be explored in order to explain
how male dominance and marital violence are "normalized"
in different and similar ways across cultures. Child abuse
and, particularly, child neglect contribute to children's
poor social skills and limited options for getting their way,
and inconsistent discipline is a poor teacher of self-discipline.
Difficult children tax parental skills and elude adult supervision.
We would welcome the opportunity to support further investigations
of the family origins of pathways to delinquency.