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Past Research Grants


DIOGO BRITTO (Economics, Catholic University of Milan), PAOLO PINOTTI (Economics, Bocconi University), and BRENO SAMPAIO (Economics, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco). Economic Shocks, Social Insurance and Violent Crimes: Evidence from Brazil

GIANMARCO DANIELE and MARCO LE MOGLIE (Economics, Bocconi University). Drug Cartels’ Violence in New and Traditional Illegal Markets

ANGÉLICA DURÁN-MARTINEZ (Political Science, University of Massachusetts-Lowell). Dialogues and Negotiations with Criminal, Non-Rebel Groups in Latin America

ROMINA ISTRATII (History, Religions, and Philosophies, School of Oriental and African Studies). Religion, Conscience and Abusive Behaviour: Understanding the Role of Faith and Spirituality in the Deterrence of Intimate Partner Violence in Rural Ethiopia

NEETI NAIR (History, University of Virginia). Hurt Sentiments and Blasphemy in South Asia

ZOZAN PEHLIVAN (History, University of Minnesota). A Climate of Violence: Environmental Crises in Late Ottoman Empire

STEVEN PIERCE (History, University of Manchester). Culpable Identities: Violence, Criminal Law, and the Politics of Personhood in Colonial Northern Nigeria

LYNN STEPHEN (Anthropology, University of Oregon). Can the State Interrupt the Vicious Cycle of Gendered Violence That It Helped to Create? Evidence from Guatemala


CHARLES ANDERSON (History, Western Washington University). In search of popular sovereignty: British rule and the great revolt (1936-39) in Palestine

HOLLY NYSETH BREHM (Sociology, Ohio State University) and NICOLE FOX (Criminal Justice, California State University, Sacramento). Resisting genocidal violence

DAVID BROTHERTON (Sociology, John Jay College of Criminal Justice) and RAFAEL GUDE. Violence reduction and social inclusion in Ecuador: Legalizing street gangs and declining rates of homicide

WILLIAM CARRIGAN (History, Rowan University) and CLIVE WEBB. Foreign-born victims of mob violence and the decline of lynching in the United States

COREY CHIVERS (Penn Medicine), MARK GROSS (Sociology and Criminology, Cabrini University), and LAUREN B. LANDAU (African Centre for Migration & Society, University of Witwatersrand). Predicting community violence: Using longitudinal neighborhood data to forecast vigilante and xenophobic violence in urban South Africa

DAVID COOKE (Psychology, University of Bergen), BARBARA E. MCDERMOTT (Psychiatry, University of California-Davis), and JENNIFER SKEEM (School of Social Welfare and Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California-Berkeley). Targeting institutional risk factors to reduce patient violence

YOLANA PRINGLE (Humanities, Roehampton University). Political violence and mental health in Africa, 1970s-90s

MOLLY PUCCI (History, University of Dublin). The Czechoslovak arms industry and the changing face of global warfare, 1859-1989

DAVID WILDERMUTH (Global Languages and Cultures, Shippensburg University). Ordinary soldiers: A case study of the Nazi-Soviet war of annihilation

CRISELDA YABES. Marawi: How violent extremism reached the southern Philippines


DANIEL AGBIBOA (Conflict Resolution, George Mason University). Dying to save: Youth vigilantism, the Civilian Joint Task Force, and counterterrorism in Nigeria

SIDDARTH CHANDRA and RAECHEL WHITE (Geography, Michigan State University). Geographic perspectives on the Indonesian killings of 1965-66 in Central and East Java

MARK HANNA (History, University of California-San Diego). Infamous designation: The discourse of piracy, slavery, and empire in the early modern Anglophone world, 1600-1900

ERIN KINNALLY (Psychology, University of California-Davis). Epigenetic disruption of the “cycle of violence” in Rhesus macaques

RONALD KREBS (Political Science, University of Minnesota). War’s crucible: How violent conflict shapes democracy

LOUISA LOMBARD (Anthropology, Yale University). Ethics in wars of protection

ARON LUND (The Century Foundation). Insurgent fragmentation and state attachment in the Syrian civil war

CHARLOTTE MERTENS (Political Science, University of Melbourne). Unearthing sexual violence in the Congo Free State and its contemporary significance

JAVIER PUENTE (History, Pontifical Catholic University of Chile). The environmental making of Sendero Luminoso: Drought, famine, and revolution in the Peruvian Andes, 1983-1986

GUILLERMO TREJO, SANDRA LEY, and SHANNON MATTIACE (Political Science, University of Notre Dame/Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas/Political Science, Allegheny College). Criminal violence and indigenous resistance. Why ethnic autonomy institutions deter drug violence in Mexico

SPYRIDON TSOUTSOUMPIS (Centre for Advanced Study, Sofia). A new kind of war: A history of the Greek civil war 1946-1949


MUSTAFA AKSAKAL (History, Georgetown University). The Ottoman First World War

LEONARDO ARRIOLA (Political Science, University of California-Berkeley). Violent profits: The political economy of electoral violence

ARIELLE BASKIN-SOMMERS (Psychology, Yale University). Specifying the etiology of violence: A multi-level assessment of self-regulation and the role of affective context

KAREL BERKHOFF (NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies). Babi Yar: Site of mass murder, ravine of oblivion

AURELIE DAHER (University of Oxford). Lebanese Hezbollah and the Syrian conflict: Interventionism and identitarian violence

ANDREW DAWSON (Sociology, York University). An analysis of the long-term trajectories of homicide rates between the United States and Canada from the mid-eighteenth to the twenty-first century

TANISHA FAZAL (Political Science and Peace Studies, University of Notre Dame). Military medicine and the changing costs of war

ANTHONY FONTES (Geography, University of Wisconsin-Madison) and ALEXANDER KUPATADZE (International Relations, St. Andrews University). State cartels and narco states: A comparative study of international drug-trafficking violence in Central America and Central Asia

SHELDON GARON (History, Princeton University). When home fronts became battlegrounds: A transnational history of violence against civilians in Japan, Germany, and Britain in World War II

MORAG GRANT The social musicology of war: A framework for understanding the roles of music in war

SHERI JOHNSON (Psychology, University of California-Berkeley), CHARLES CARVER (Psychology, University of Miami), and EPHREM FERNANDEZ (Psychology, University of Texas-San Antonio). Aggression in the context of impulsive responses to emotion: Testing an intervention

BRUCE KNAUFT (Anthropology, Emory University) and ANNE-SYLVIE MALBRANCKE (School for Advanced Study in Social Sciences, Paris). Homicide reduction and conflict management in the Nomad Sub-District, Papua New Guinea

ADRIENNE LEBAS (Government, American University). The local organization of electoral violence in Nigeria

BENJAMIN LESSING (Political Science, University of Chicago). Out: Prison gangs as a threat to state authority

ABDESLAM MAGHRAOUI (Political Science, Duke University). To live and die in Tazmamart: Aggression, social capital, and survival in a Moroccan detention camp, 1973-1991

ZACHARIAH MAMPILLY (Political Science and Africana Studies, Vassar College). Taxation and rebel governance

ASHER ORKABY (History, Harvard University). Egypt’s chemical war in Yemen (1963-67) and the limits of the poison gas taboo

GRZEGORZ ROSSOLINSKI-LIEBE (History, Freie Universitat Berlin). Collaborating enemies: The German-Polish collaboration and anti-Jewish mass violence during the Second World War

SIMON TURNER (Migration Studies, University of Copenhagen) and LIDEWYDE BERCKMOES (Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement, Amsterdam). Fearing the violence to come: An ethnographic exploration of how past experiences of violence and flight shape anticipations of danger in Burundi

ANITA WEISS (International Studies, University of Oregon). Countering violent extremism in Pakistan: Local actions, local voices


NADIA ABU EL-HAJ (Anthropology, Barnard College at Columbia University). The ethics of trauma: Combat, moral injury and the war on terror

DAVID ANDERSON (Biology and Biological Engineering, California Institute of Technology). The neural circuitry of aggression, sex, and sexual aggression

SARAH CAMERON (History, University of Maryland College Park). The Hungry Steppe: Famine, violence, and the making of Soviet Kazakstan

PHILIP COOK (Sanford School of Public Policy, Duke University). Crime gun theft

HENAR CRIADO, JORDI DOMENECH, and FRANCISCO HERREROS (Political Science and Sociology, Universidad Complutense de Madrid/Universidad Carlos III de Madrid/Spanish National Research Council). Legacies of the past and support for terrorism in the Basque Country

BETH LEW-WILLIAMS (History, Princeton University). The Chinese must go: The violent birth of American border control

HAREL SHAPIRA (Sociology, University of Texas at Austin). An education in violence: Teaching and learning to kill in central Texas

ROSALIND SHAW (Anthropology, Tufts University). Disarming justice, demobilizing memory, producing 'post-conflict' life in Sierra Leone

JUDITH SMETANA (Clinical and Social Psychology, University of Rochester). Aggression and morality: Links in early childhood


MILA DRAGOJEVIC (Politics, University of the South). Collective crimes in times of war: Explaining local variation in violence against civilians

REBECCA GOULD (Humanities, Yale-NUS College Singapore). On traumatic modernities: Forced migration and Nakh cultural memory along Caucasus borderlands

CHRIS KYLE (Anthropology, University of Alabama at Birmingham). Spatial analysis of criminal violence in Guerrero, Mexico

PEACE A. MEDIE (International Affairs and Diplomacy, University of Ghana). “There is still no justice here!” Theorizing women’s movements’ influence on postwar African states’ enforcement of gender-based violence laws

NUNO MONTEIRO and MATTHEW ADAM KOCHER (Political Science, Yale University). Political violence during the German occupation of France: A micro-level analysis

GODWIN ONUOHA (Democracy, Governance and Service Delivery (DGSD) Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, South Africa). Political economy of memory: The making, unmaking and remaking of the Nigeria-Biafra war

VIRIDIANA RIOS (Independent) and MARIO ARRIAGADA-CUADRIELLO (Revista Nexos). An unexpected peace: Understanding resilient order and violence in multi-gang environments


JAVIER AUYERO (Sociology, University of Texas, Austin). In harm’s way: Violence at the urban margins in contemporary Argentina

MAX BERGHOLZ (History, Concordia University). “None of us dared say anything.” Mass killing in a Bosnian community during World War II and the postwar culture of silence

BRIAN DELAY (History, University of California, Berkeley). Shoot the state: Modernity and the means of destruction in the Americas: 1750-1920

DANIELLE HARRIS (Justice Studies, San Jose State University). Desistance from sexual offending across the life course: A multimethod approach

WILLIAM HAY (History, Mississippi State University). King George’s generals: How the British army lost America, 1774-1781

FEDERICO LORENZ (CONICET--National Scientific and Technical Research Council of Argentina). Malvinas/Falklands War: Argentine experiences of the 1982 conflict through letters, war diaries and amateur photographs by soldiers and civilians mobilized during the war

CHOWRA MAKAREMI (Anthropology, Institut de Recherche Interdisciplinaire sur les Enjeux Sociaux (IRIS)). Contested narratives: A genesis of state violence in post-revolutionary Iran (1979-1988)

ISABELLE OUELLET-MORIN (Criminology, Université de Montreal). Stress reactivity to provocation and aggression in early adulthood: Do early victimization and regulation processes matter?

JEFFREY ROSSMAN (History, University of Virginia). Stalin’s great terror: A documentary history of Soviet perpetrators

RANDOLPH ROTH (History, Ohio State University). Child murder in America

JENNIFER SESSIONS (History, University of Iowa). Colonialism on trial: The Margueritte Affair in Fin-de-Siecle Algeria and France

PAUL STANILAND (Political Science, University of Chicago). Governing coercion: States and violence in Asia

HARRY VERHOEVEN (Politics and International Relations, University of Oxford) and PHILIP ROESSLER (Government, College of William & Mary). When comrades go to war: Post-liberation movements, elite politics and the internal dynamics of Africa’s Great War


TONIO A. ANDRADE (History, Emory University). Ways of war: Toward a global military history

ELAINE EGGLESTON DOHERTY (Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health). Exploring violent careers over the life course: A study of urban African American males and females

ANTHONY R. HARRIS (Sociology, UMass Amherst). Before assault victims go to the hospital: Trying to measure “true” race differences in the seriousness of injury

ANN A. LAUDATI (Environment and Society, Utah State University). From Coltan to cattle: Unearthing violence in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo

RICHARD MCMAHON (History, NUI, Maynooth). Violence, law and the Irish migrant experience in Glasgow and New York, 1851-1900

AARON B. RETISH (History, Wayne State University). In the courts of revolution: Violence, legality and social control in the Soviet rural courtroom, 1917-1939

PETE G. SIMI (School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Nebraska). Desistance from right-wing extremism

BENJAMIN B. SMITH (Political Science, University of Florida). History and rebellion: The origins of self-determination conflicts in the modern world

MAGDA TETER (History, Wesleyan University). The Pope’s dilemma: Blood libel and the boundaries of Papal power

GUNES M. TEZCUR (Political Science, Loyola University Chicago). Ordinary people, extraordinary risks: Joining the Kurdish insurgency in Turkey


LAIA BALCELLS (Institut d’Analisi Economia, CSIC). Dynamics of violence in conventional civil wars

JUSTIN M. CARRE and AHMAD R. HARIRI (Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University). Examination of psychological, hormonal and neural risk-factors underlying individual differences in human reactive and proactive aggression

CLIFTON R. EMERY (School of Social Welfare, Yonsei University). Beijing-Seoul families and neighborhoods study

ILYA V. GERASIMOV (Center for the Study of Nationalism and Empire). Ethnic violence vs. imperial segregations: Multinational criminality in the Russian Imperial City as a space of conflict and cooperation

EDWARD A. GUTIERREZ (History, University of Hartford). “Sherman was right”: The experience of AEF soldiers in the Great War

JOHN HAGAN (American Bar Foundation, Northwestern University). Home foreclosures and criminal violence

KWESI KWAA PRAH (Centre for Advanced Studies of African Society, Cape Town). The search for peace in the South Sudan

NIKOLAUS WACHSMANN (History, University of London). The Nazi concentration camps


SÉVERINE AUTESSERRE (Political Science, Barnard College). Seeing like a peacebuilder: An ethnography of international intervention

LINDA BOOIJ (Clinical Psychology, University of Montreal). Epigenetic influences on the development of the serotonin system in humans: A mechanism of risk for chronic aggressive behavior

EMANUELE CASTANO and BERNHARD LEIDNER (Psychology, New School for Social Research). When we torture: Moral and pragmatic arguments for and against torture, and their effect on public support for redressing past and preventing future injustice

ANTHONY DI FIORE and ANDRES LINK (Anthropology, New York University). Warfare and coalitionary violence in nonhuman primates: Spider monkeys as a model for understanding the evolution of human aggression and sexual coercion

JAMES MANOR (Commonwealth Studies, University of London). The declining power of caste hierarchy in rural India: Implications for patterns of dominance, increasing violence, and the democratic process

KEVIN LEWIS O’NEILL (Diaspora and Transnational Studies, University of Toronto). Two ways out: Christianity, security, and Mara Salvatrucha.

ANDREW V. PAPACHRISTOS (Sociology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst). The diffusion of lethal and non-lethal violence in gang networks


ENRIQUE D. ARIAS (Political Science, City University of New York, John Jay College). Violence and politics in Latin America and the Caribbean: A comparative study of Kingston, Jamaica

ALEXANDER GRIBANOV (Soviet and European History, Bentley College). Terror on the record in the Soviet Union: The history of the Chronicle of Current Events

ANTHONY R. HARRIS (Criminology, University of Maryland). From intentional injury through homicide: Exploring race differences in the sequelae of criminal assault

MICHAEL HECHTER and STEVEN PFAFF (Sociology, Arizona State University and University of Washington). Social order and the genesis of rebellion: A study of mutiny in the Royal Navy, 1740-1820

SAIDA HODŽIĆ (Women and Gender Studies, George Mason University). Of rebels, spirits, and social engineers: The problems with ending female genital cutting

JOSÉ LUIS LEDESMA (Contemporary History, University of Zaragoza). Controlling violence in wartime? Power centralization and economization of republican violence in the Spanish Civil War

PATRICIA L. MCCALL (Sociology, North Carolina State University). Longitudinal and contextual analyses of violent crime in the European Union

MICHAEL S. NEIBERG (History, University of Southern Mississippi). A transnational history of the road to the Great War, 1871-1914

MOSES E. OCHONU (History, Vanderbilt University). History, politics, and ethno-religious conflicts in the Nigerian middle belt

ELIZABETH LEVY PALUCK (Psychology, Princeton University). Entertaining, informing, discussing: How do media spread messages of peace and violence?

ELAINE FRANTZ PARSONS (History, Duquesne University). Klan violence/ local violence in Reconstruction-era Union County: A social network analysis

LLOYD M. SACHIKONYE (Development Studies, University of Zimbabwe). When a state turns on its citizens: Political culture and institutionalized violence


DENISE BRENNAN (Anthropology, Georgetown University). Life after trafficking: Resettlement after forced labor and servitude in the U.S

DOUGLAS GIBLER (Political Science, University of Alabama). Bordering on peace: Democracy, territorial issues, and conflict

PETER HOLQUIST (History, University of Pennsylvania). “By right of war”: The discipline and practice of international law in imperial Russia, 1868-1917

SAÏBOU ISSA (History, University of Ngaoundere). Bandit careers and career bandits: A history of criminal labor in Sub-Saharan Africa

VALLI KALEI KANUHA (Sociology, University of Hawaii at Manoa). Voices from the margin: A study of violence against women of color and other minority status women in the U.S. from 1975 to the present

CHARIS KUBRIN (Sociology, George Washington University) and TIM WADSWORTH (Sociology, University of Colorado, Boulder). What’s behind the increase? Explaining recent trends in suicide among African American males

ASHOK S. RAI (Economics, Williams College). The economic effects of religious and caste riots in South India

JONNY STEINBERG (Journalism, Institute for Security Studies, Pretoria). Diaspora and conflict: The Liberians of Staten Island

SCOTT STRAUS (Political Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison). Killing campaigns: The origins and dynamics of mass violence in Africa

PETER VERBEEK (Psychology, Miyazaki International College). The development of normal and abnormal aggression in fighting fish, Betta splendens.


DAVID FRASER (Law and Social Theory, University of Nottingham). Australian war crimes trials of the 1980s and 1990s: Law confronts the Shoah

LALEH KHALILI (Politics, University of London, School of Oriental and African Studies). State of incarceration: Sovereignty, violence and prisons in the Middle East

MATTHEW LIEBERMAN (Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles). An fMRI study of genetic, neural, and psychological mechanisms linking social rejection to aggression

MAHMOOD MAMDANI (Political Science, Columbia University). Political identity and political violence: A comparative study of Sudan and Nigeria

EUGENE MARTIN and DONALD PFAFF (Neuroscience, Rockefeller University). Antisense gene therapy to decrease aggression without altering behavioral arousal

TONI ÑACO DEL HOYO (Science of Antiquity and the Middle Ages, Autonomous University of Barcelona). “Horrors of war” during the Roman expansion to the Hellenistic world: The impact of war economy on civilians, 88-63 B.C

MAGDA TETER (History, Wesleyan University). An anatomy of sectarian violence: Jews and Christians in pre-modern Poland

ELISABETH JEAN WOOD (Political Science, Yale University). Sexual violence during war: Understanding variation


TAPERA KNOX CHITIYO (Institute for Southern African Military Research). A history of violence in Zimbabwe: 1890-present

ETHAN D. CLOTFELTER (Biology, Amherst College). Endocrine disruption of aggression: What we can learn about humans by studying fish

DAVID CUNNINGHAM (Sociology, Brandeis University). White hoods and Tar Heels: The rise and fall of the civil-rights-era Ku Klux Klan

KAJSA EKHOLM FRIEDMAN (Social Anthropology, Lund University). The involution of violence: Social disintegration, cosmological crisis and child witchcraft in the Congo region

JOEL H. GARNER (Joint Center for Justice Studies, Inc.). Does prosecution reduce violence between intimate partners? Analyzing the available evidence

ROBERT GERWARTH (History, University of Oxford). White terror: Paramilitary violence in interwar Central Europe

SANDRA J. GRAY (Anthropology, University of Kansas). Forgotten: Deaths and life in a little war

BARBARA C. LEIGH (Epidemiology, University of Washington, Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute). Drinking and crime: A case-crossover analysis

LIANJIANG LI (Political Science, Hong Kong Baptist University). Local government violence and rights struggles in contemporary rural China

RUTH MARSHALL-FRATANI (University of Paris, Sorbonne). “The War of ‘Who is Who’”: Youth, belonging and the crisis of citizenship in the Côte d’Ivoire

KERBY A. MILLER (History, University of Missouri). Religious demography and conflict in Ireland, 1659-1926

ROGER PETERSEN (Political Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology). The strategic use of emotion in violent conflict

JEREMY PRESTHOLDT (History, University of California, San Diego). Heroing Osama: State repression and the politics of youth marginality in postcolonial Kenya

RICARDO D. SALVATORE (History, Torcuato Di Tella University). Socio-political violence and state legal culture: State formation and subaltern rights in Argentina, 1870-1955

ALLAN SILVER (Sociology, Columbia University). Civil and military society in America, 1945-2005

ANDRES VILLARREAL (Sociology, University of Texas at Austin). Women’s economic status and the risk of intimate partner violence in Mexico

LOÏC WACQUANT (Sociology, University of California, Berkeley). “Peculiar institutions”: Racial rule and violence in the United States


JAVIER AUYERO (Sociology, State University of New York, Stony Brook). Scrutinizing the gray zones: Dynamics of collective violence in contemporary Argentina

YVES-ALEXANDER CHOUALA (Political Science, University of Yaounde II). Crime and insecurity in Africa and Europe: Comparing Cameroon and South Africa with France and Belgium

DOUGLAS ECKBERG (Sociology and Anthropology, Winthrop University). The South Carolina Murder Project

JOZSEF HALLER (Biology, Institute of Experimental Medicine, Budapest). The behavioral, neural, and pharmacological specificity of different forms of abnormal aggression in rats

EDWARD MIGUEL (Economics, University of California, Berkeley). War and economic development in Vietnam and Sierra Leone

HARVEY MOLOTCH (Sociology, New York University). Strategic observers underground: How they see trouble and what they do next

RAKIYA OMAAR (African Studies, Africa Rights). The meaning and relevance of genocide ideology in past and present Rwanda

SUSAN PHILLIPS (Anthropology, Pitzer College). Operation Fly Trap: Gang violence in Los Angeles

VALLI RAJAH (Sociology, City University of New York, John Jay College). Negotiating cultural constructions of domestic violence: Drug-involved women engage, resist and reframe discourses of a social problem

CHARLES RITTER (History, College of Notre Dame of Maryland). Sexual justice in the American Civil War

AKI ROBERTS (Sociology, University of New Mexico). Violence in urban America, 1990-2000: Impact of changing economic and social conditions and police resources

SARA SCHATZ (Latin American Studies, The Ohio State University). In cold blood: Dissent, opposition, and murder in the rise of Mexico's Partido de la Revolucion Democratica (PRD)

NEAL SIMON (Biology, Lehigh University). Soy, the brain, and aggression: Cellular and molecular mechanisms

SVETLANA STEPHENSON (International Comparative Sociology, London Metropolitan University). Violent street groups and organized crime in Russia


CHRISTOPHER CANDLAND (Political Science, Wellesley College). Pakistan's educational system and violence: Is there a connection?

KRISTIN L. DUNKLE (Epidemiology, University of Michigan). Masculinity, gender-based violence, sexual risk behavior and HIV: What are the connections in the South African youth AIDS epidemic?

IVAN ERMAKOFF (Sociology, University of Wisconsin-Madison). Enacting state persecution: The police and anti-Semitic policy in France, 1940-1944

RICHARD B. FELSON (Sociology, The Pennsylvania State University). Distinctive characteristics of marital violence

KAJSA EKHOLM FRIEDMAN (Social Anthropology, Lund University). The involution of violence: Social disintegration, cosmological crisis and child-witchcraft in the Congo region

LAUREN LEVE (Anthropology, New School University). Social justice and "failed development": Violent ironies of women's empowerment in Nepal

LIANJIANG LI (Political Science, Hong Kong Baptist University). Local government violence and rights in contemporary rural China

STEPHEN C. LUBKEMANN (Anthropology, George Washington University). The politics of conflict in nations beyond borders: The Liberian diaspora in war making and peace building

DARIO MAESTRIPIERI (Psychology, University of Chicago). Genetic and experimental mechanisms underlying the intergenerational transmission of infant abuse in monkeys

SUZANNE MAMAN (Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University). The intersection of HIV and violence among youth in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

SHADD MARUNA (Criminology, Northwestern University). Let 'em rot: Understanding public punitiveness toward offenders

ROBERT PLOMIN (Behavioral Genetics, King's College London). Identifying genes responsible for a highly heritable aspect of antisocial behavior in 7-year-old children

YASMIN SAIKIA (History, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill). "My Body is in Pain": Understanding gender violence in the 1971 liberation war of Bangladesh

DAVID Z. SCHEFFEL (Anthropology, University College of the Cariboo). Conflict between Roma and ethnic Slovaks in comparative and historical perspective

ROSALIND SHAW (Sociology and Anthropology, Tufts University). Demobilizing memory: Truth, reconciliation, and the unmaking of war in Sierra Leone

ERIC D. WEITZ (History, University of Minnesota). Germans abroad: The Herero and Armenian genocides and the origins of the Holocaust


ASMA AFSARUDDIN (Classics, Notre Dame University). Striving in the path of God: Discursive traditions on Jihad and the cult of martyrdom

ROGERS BRUBAKER (Sociology, University of California, Los Angeles). Nationalism and ethnicity in a Transylvanian town: Between politics and everyday life

LESLIE DWYER (Cultural Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles). The violence of 1965-66 and its aftermath in Bali, Indonesia

ROBERTO GARGARELLA (Law, Chr. Michelsen Institute). Throwing "paper stones": Argentina's institutional collapse

MACARTAN HUMPHREYS (Political Science, Harvard University). Ethnic identity, collective action and conflict: An experimental approach

BRUCE A. JACOBS (Criminology, University of Missouri, St. Louis). Criminal retaliation: A qualitative study of social control beyond the law

MENNO R. KRUK (Biology, Amsterdam Center for Drug Research). Telemetry of neural activity of brain mechanisms involved in aggression, fear and stress response

SEAN MCCONVILLE (Law, Queen Mary College, University of London). Irish political prisoners 1920-2000

MARK D. MEYERSON (History and Medieval Studies, University of Toronto). Social violence and religious conflict in late medieval Valencia

KAIVAN MUNSHI (Economics, Brown University). Intra-household income inequality and conflict: Testing an economic model of domestic violence in Kerala, India

NICHOLAS E. NEWTON-FISHER (Biological Anthropology, University of Cambridge). Male-female aggression in chimpanzees

GANANATH OBEYESEKERE (Anthropology, Princeton University). Terrorism and the prospects for peace in Sri Lanka

NICHOLAS SAMBANIS (Political Science, Yale University). The onset, duration, and termination of ethnic civil war


ROGAIA MUSTAFA ABUSHARAF (Sociology and Anthropology, Tufts University). Under many fires: Factors influencing the adoption of female circumcision by war-displaced southern Sudanese women in Khartoum

BEGONA ARETXAGA (Anthropology, University of Texas, Austin). States of terror: Nationalist youth and political violence in the Basque country

YVES-ALEXANDRE CHOUALA (Political Science, Universityof Yaounde II). Violence, security and state in Cameroon and South Africa: State de-monopolization of organized violence and privatization of public security

JOHN HAGEDORN (Criminal Justice, University of Illinois, Chicago). Violence, gangs, and the redivision of space in Chicago

JOZSEF HALLER (Biology, Institute of Experimental Medicine). Mechanisms underlying pathological forms of aggression in rats

TOBIAS HECHT (Social Anthropology). The violent life of Bruna Verissimo: An experimental ethnographic biography of a homeless Brazilian youth

SHAHEEN ASHARAF KAGEE (Psychology, University of Pennsylvania). The psychological sequelae of political torture in South Africa

BEN KIERNAN (History, Yale University). Blood and soil: Modern genocide, 1500-2000

CHARALAMBOS P. KYRIACOU (Genetics, University of Leicester). Molecular genetics of aggressive behavior in Drosophila melanogaster

ROYCE LEE (Psychiatry, University of Chicago). Effect of acutely altering serotonergic activity on the performance of tasks relevant to cortical-amygdaloid circuits in IED and control subjects

NUR MASALHA (Political History of the Middle East, Saint Mary's University of Surrey). Political violence, military conflict, and civil unrest in Palestine: The Palestinian police, the Fatah Tanzim and the "al-Aqsa Intifada."

GEOFFREY PARKER (History, The Ohio State University). The world crisis, 1635-1665

NANCY LEE PELUSO (Society and the Environment, University of California, Berkeley). Violent territorialities and the cultural politics of belonging in West Kalimantan, Indonesia

AKI ROBERTS (Sociology, University of New Mexico). Economic stress and crime in Japan

MAURICIO RUBIO (Economics, University of Carlos III, Madrid). Kidnapping in Colombia

NIKOLAUS WACHSMANN (History, University of Cambridge). Hitler's prisons: Prisons and penal policy in Germany, 1900-1945

MICHAEL WATTS (International Studies, University of California, Berkeley). Economies of violence: Petroleum, politics and community in the Niger Delta, Nigeria

HONGLING XIE (Developmental Science, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill). Aggressive behaviors among inner-city children and adolescents


BOLANLE ELIZABETH AKANDE ADETOUN (Rural Sociology and Demography, Center for Sustainable Development and Gender Issues). Ethnic conflict and socio-economic development in the Niger-Delta region of Nigeria

ALEX ARGENTI-PILLEN (Anthropology, University College London). A war trauma pandemic? The humanitarian discourse on "traumatized" populations

JOSE A. CANELA-CACHO (Law, University of California, Berkeley). Incidence of violence in the Mexico City metropolitan area: A comparative analysis of two recent victimization surveys

JOHN N. CONSTANTINO (Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine). Mental representations of attachment in twins: A study of monozygotic female pairs concordant and discordant for abnormally aggressive behavior

LESLEY GILL (Anthropology, American University). Military training, violence, and human rights: The School of the Americas

DENNIS M. GORMAN (Health Science, Texas A&M University System Health Science Center). The Texas three-cities study of neighborhood structure, alcohol availability and violent crime

PATRICIA HAWLEY (Psychology, Southern Connecticut State University). Social dominance and coercive strategies of resource control in children

VLADIMIR A. KOZLOV (Russian and Soviet Studies, University of Rochester). A social history of Gulag after Stalin's death: The emergence of a new repressive policy and the fate of the prisoners, 1953-1960

WILLIAM P. MELEGA (Molecular and Medical Pharmacology, University of California, Los Angeles). Frontal cortical and hypothalamic serotonin system correlates of individual difference in cerebrospinal fluid 5-hydroxindoleacetic acid levels

ARJUNA PARAKRAMA (English, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka). Saturated with loss: The bereaved sexualities of Sri Lanka's protracted war

KATHARINE B. PAYNE (Bioacoustics, Cornell University). Competitive and cooperative behaviors among forest elephants in the presence of a limited resource


JEFFREY BURDS (History, Northeastern University). The Soviet "struggle against banditry," 1941-1953

CONERLY CASEY (Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles). Youthful martyrdom and heroic criminality: The formation of youth groups in northern Nigeria

JAMES M. DABBS (Psychology, Georgia State University). Testosterone affects transient readiness for action

HENRY FRIEDLANDER (History). German law and Nazi crimes

DONALD L. HOROWITZ (Political Science, Duke University). Constitutional design in divided societies: New reasons for optimism

STATHIS N. KALYVAS (Political Science, New York University). The dynamics of violence in civil war: Evaluating the impact of ethnicity

JOHN LAMPHEAR (History, University of Texas). A military history of East Africa in the nineteenth century

MARK D. MEYERSON (History, University of Toronto). Social violence and religious conflict in late medieval Valencia

DANI NABUDERE (Political Science, Afrika Study Centre). The transformation of the agro-pastoralist conflict and violence in north-eastern Uganda

JONNY STEINBERG (Political Science, Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation). The farm killings

RAEL D. STROUS (Psychiatry, Beer Yaakov Mental Health Center). The association of polymorphisms in genes affecting monoamine neurotransmission with aggressive behavior in schizophrenic and non-schizophrenic violent individuals

BERT USEEM (Sociology, University of New Mexico), ANNE M. PIEHL (Public Policy, Harvard University), and RAYMOND LIEDKA (Sociology, University of New Mexico). Cross-national study of prisons and crime control

RICHARD WRIGHT (Criminology, University of Missouri-St. Louis). The carjacker's perspective: A qualitative study of urban violence

MARGARET H. ZELLER (Psychology, Children's Hospital Medical Center). Contextual variations in children's peer relations: The impact of community violence and neighborhood disadvantage


CHRISTOPHER R. BROWNING (Psychology, University of Chicago). Intimate violence in community context

DAVID CHAPPELL (History, University of Arkansas). The mind of the segregationist: The strategy and propaganda of opposition to civil rights

STEPHANIE CRONIN (History, University of London). The Middle Eastern military as a factor in domestic and regional conflict and violence: A case-study of the Iranian army

ALLEN FELDMAN (Anthropology, National Development and Research Institutes). Remembering violence and the transvaluation of the public sphere: Write-up proposal for an ethnography of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission and apartheid and post-apartheid violence

JEFFREY ALAN HADLER (Anthropology). Translations of antisemitism: Violence and minorities in Indonesia

SHARON ELAINE HUTCHINSON (Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Madison) and JOK MADUT JOK (History, Loyola Marymount). The militarization of Nuer and Dinka community life: A comparative field study of the transformative impact of Sudan's unresolved war

CYNTHIA L. IRVIN (Political Science, University of Kentucky). Negotiating end games: Basque and Spanish perceptions of the Northern Irish peace process as a model for conflict resolution’prospects, lessons, and limitations

BRUCE KAPFERER (Anthropology, James Cook University). Globalization, the forces of poverty, and their formations of violence

BRUCE M. KNAUFT (History, Emory University). Post-colonial aspirations and intimacies of violence among Gebusi of the Nomad area, Papua New Guinea

GARY LAFREE (Sociology, University of New Mexico). Characteristics and determinants of global homicide crime waves, 1946-1998

ALBERTO LENA (History, Universita degli Studi di Padova). Narratives of empire: Spanish and British discourse on the conquest and colonization of America

JOE L. P. LUGALLA (Anthropology, University of New Hampshire). Hardships and violence against street children in sub-Saharan African cities: Understanding street children and street life in urban Tanzania

TERRY MARTIN (History, Harvard University). The limits of totalitarian domination: Soviet social practices and the Stalinist system of social control

RAMIRO MARTINEZ, JR. (Criminology, University of Delaware). Latino violence in the United States: A five city study

VESNA NIKOLIC-RISTANOVIC (Sociology, Institute for Criminological and Sociological Research, Belgrade). Violence against women and social changes in post-communist countries

EUGENIA RODRIGUEZ-SAENZ (History, University of Costa Rica). Happy marriages: Civilizing domestic life in Costa Rica (1850-1950)

PETER T. SCHNEIDER (Sociology, Fordham University) and JANE C. SCHNEIDER (Anthropology, City University of New York). Mafia, antimafia, and the struggle for Palermo, 1950-1995

HUBERT SCHWABL (Zoology, Washington State University). Maternal testosterone and the development of offspring aggression

NEAL G. SIMON (Biology, Lehigh University). Testosterone, serotonin, and aggression: Cellular markers

IRA SOMMERS and DEBORAH BASKIN (Criminology, California State University, Los Angeles). Methamphetamine and violence

EMMANUEL SSEMPA (Women's Studies, Makerere University). Post-insurgency family livelihood systems and conjugal relations in Soroti District, Uganda

ROBIN MICHEL WRIGHT (Anthropology, Universidad Estadual de Campinas). Hidden violence: Social, political, and historical dynamics of witchcraft and sorcery among the Baniwa of the northwest Amazon, Brazil


ADAM ASHFORTH (Political Science, Baruch College, City University of New York). "Witchcraft" and democracy in the new South Africa: A political ethnography of Soweto

MICHAEL BARKUN (Political Science, Syracuse University). Conspiracy beliefs and violence in American culture: A comparative study of black and white separatism

JANICE BODDY (Anthropology, University of Toronto). Writing "Civilizing women: Modernity's crusade in colonial Sudan."

THEODORE F. COOK, JR. (History, William Paterson University). The Japanese soldier's experience of war, 1937-1945: Violence, citizenship, and the individual in modern Japan's lost war

MALCOLM A. FEELEY (Law, University of California, Berkeley). An exploration of the marked decline of women's involvement in crime and criminal violence: 1700-1900

ALLEN FELDMAN (Anthropology, National Development and Research Institutes) and PAMELA REYNOLDS (Anthropology, University of Cape Town). From silence and pain to transparency and memory: A proposed ethnography and discourse analysis of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission

ROY GODSON (Government, Georgetown University). The political-criminal nexus: Emerging violent threat to governability into the twenty-first century

DONALD L. HOROWITZ (Political Science, Duke University). Constitutional design: Many architects, no buildings

GLENN MELANCON (History, Southeastern Oklahoma State University). Drugs, violence, and national honor: British foreign policy and the opium crisis, 1833-1840

OLEG ORLOV and ALEXANDR V. CHERKASSOV (Political Science, Memorial Human Rights Center). Mechanisms reproducing ethnically motivated aggression: The problems of peacemaking in the Ossetian-Ingush conflict zone

RANDALL R. SAKAI (Biology, University of Pennsylvania). Neuroendocrine consequences of dominance and subordination

NEAL G. SIMON (Biology, Lehigh University). The neurosteroid dhea: A potential antiaggressive agent

STEVEN STACK (Criminal Justice, Wayne State University). The effect of publicized life sentences, death sentences, and executions on homicide

VALERY TISHKOV (Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences). Chechnya: Anthropology of war-torn society


JANET LIPPMAN ABU-LUGHOD (Sociology, New School for Social Research). Race/ethnicity, space, and poltical culture: A comparative study of collective violence in New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles

KIMBERLY WRIGHT CASSIDY (Psychology, Bryn Mawr College). The relationships between theory of mind, social information processing and aggression in preschool children

MIGUEL ANGEL CENTENO (Sociology, Princeton University). The peaceful century: War in 20th century Latin America

ROBERT KNOX DENTAN (Anthropology, State University of New York at Buffalo). An innovative literary ethnography of the long-term consequences of outsiders' violence on Semai peaceability

ROXANNE LYNN DOTY (Political Science, Arizona State University). State practices, national identity, and anti-immigrantism in Western democracies

DONALD M. DOUGHERTY (Psychiatry, University of Texas). The effects of tryptophan depletion and supplementation on serotonergic functioning and aggression in high and low aggressive subjects

CHRISTOPHER I. ECKHARDT (Psychology, University of North Carolina at Wilmington). Processing of anger-related information in maritally violent and nonviolent men

ZHENGYUAN FU (Political Science, University of California, Irvine). Social dynamics and political control in China's prison

BEATRICE GOLOMB (Psychology, University of Southern California). Low serum cholesterol and violent behavior

ANSLEY HAMID (Anthropology, John Jay College of Criminal Justice). The Latin Kings and gang violence

ROGER HEWITT (Education, University of London). Adolescents and racial violence in South London

DAVID HICKS (Anthropology, State University of New York at Stony Brook). Political control and female reproduction in East Timor

VLADIMIR A. KOZLOV (Russian and Soviet Studies, University of Rochester). Urban unrest in Soviet Russia, 1960-1963

MENNO R. KRUK (Neuroscience, University of Leiden). Neuroendocrine response to stimulation of the hypothalamic area where aggression is evoked

LASZLO KURTI (Ethnography, Eotvos Lorand University). Transnationalism, racist hostilities and interethnic violence: Conflicts in Hungary and Romania

DAVID D. LAITIN (Political Science, University of Chicago). Nationalism and violence in two postsoviet republics: Azerbaidjan and Moldova

DARIO MAESTRIPIERI (Psychology, Emory University). Determinants of infant abuse and neglect in group-living macaques

ROBERT L. MEISEL (Psychology, Purdue University). Neuropharmacology of female aggression

SONOKO OGAWA (Neuroscience, Rockefeller University). Role of estrogen receptors in aggressive behaviors

ALEXANDER G. OSSIPOV (Political Science, Russian Academy of Sciences) and SERGEI N. ABASHIN (Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences). Constructed "ethnic conflict" in post-Soviet societies: The case of Meskhetian Turks

ALEX PILLEN-ARGENTI (Anthropology, University College London) and NICOLAS ARGENTI (Anthropology, University College London). Communities and families of the disappeared in southern Sri Lanka: Contemporary indigenous modes of survival in interaction with the international medical culture

RANDALL R. SAKAI (Biology, Rockefeller University). Behavioral and physiological characterization of dominance and subordination: Persistence and reversibility

JAMES TONG (Political Science, University of California Los Angeles). Violence in the 1989 democracy movement in China: An analysis of defiant cities

TERENCE TURNER (Anthropology, University of Chicago). The Kayapo conjuncture: An indigenous peoples' alliance with international civil society against violence and rights abuse by the state and national society

ROBERT WHITE (Sociology, Indiana University). Provisional Irish Republicans: Ten years on


LES BACK (Sociology, University of London). The cultural mechanisms of racist expression: A study of racism and anti-Semitism in graffiti, pamphlets, style and body symbolism

RUSSEL LAWRENCE BARSH (Native American Studies, University of Lethbridge). Blackfoot traditional models of aggression and healing

JEFFREY BURDS (Russian and Soviet History, University of Rochester). The roots of ethnic violence in West Ukraine: War and rebellion in Galicia, 1918-1953

RENE DEVISCH (Social Anthropology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven). Violence and dysphoria: The villagisation of Kinshasa and the role of healers

STEPHEN T. DRISCOLL (Archaeology, University of Glasgow). Forging a nation: Ethnic accommodation in the creation of Scotland in the early Middle Ages

WILLIAM F. FISHER (Anthropology, Harvard University). Contesting the nation: The "restoration" of democracy and the volatility of ethnic/state conflict in Nepal

LAURENCE FRANK (Psychology, University of California, Berkeley). Proximate and ultimate factors modulating aggression in a unique animal model

DAVID MAXWELL (History, Keele University). Protestant fundamentalism, post-war reconstruction: Pentecostalism as a transnational religious movement

RICHARD H. MELLONI, JR. (Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical Center). Neuronal plasticity and the control of aggressive behavior

ROBERT M. SAPOLSKY (Biology, Stanford University). The endocrine stress-response and behavioral status in the olive baboon

L. J. SHRUM (Marketing, Rutgers State University). Applying social cognition theory toward understanding the influence of television violence on social perceptions, attitudes, and behavior

RALPH A. THAXTON, JR. (Politics, Brandeis University). Predatory socialism and the formation of peasant resistance to state domination in rural China, 1949-1995

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